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DECEMBER

December 1, 1919 – Lady Astor becomes the first female Member of Parliament to take her seat in the House of Commons of the United Kingdom (she had been elected to that position on November 28).


 

December 1, 1955 – Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on the bus and is arrested for violating the city’s racial segregation laws. This incident lead to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.


       

December 1, 1988 – Benazir Bhutto is appointed Prime Minister of Pakistan. She was the 11th Prime Minister of Pakistan and the leader of the centre-left Pakistan Peoples Party. She was the first woman to head a Muslim majority nation, and the only one to head it twice.


 

December 2, 1923 – Maria Callas is born. She was a Greek soprano and one of the most renowned opera singers of the 20th century


December 9, 1897 – Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde, in Paris.


December 10, 1902 – Women are given the right to vote in Tasmania.


 

December 10, 1909 – Selma Lagerlöf becomes the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.


December 10, 1815- Ada Lovelace is born. She was the child of poet Lord Byron and is considered to be the world's first computer programmer due to her work on Charles Babbage's early mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine.


December 14, 1961 – The Presidential Commission on the Status of Women is established by Executive Order, and Eleanor Roosevelt heads the commission.


December 15, 1939 – Gone with the Wind, a movie based on the novel by Margaret Mitchell, premieres at Loew’s Grand Theatre in Atlanta, Georgia, United States.