October 5, 1789 – Women of Paris march on Versailles during the French Revolution to confront Louis XVI about feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris.
October 8, 1895 – Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
October 8, 1993 – Toni Morrison becomes the first African American woman to win the Nobel Prize for Literature
October 10, 2014 – Pakistani education activist Malala Yousafzai wins the Nobel Peace Prize in conjunction with Indian child rights activist Kailash Satyarthi.
October 11, 1984 – During a Space Shuttle Challenger mission, Kathryn Sullivan becomes the first American woman to walk in space.
October 12, 1799 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse was the first woman to jump from a balloonwith a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters. The parachute was designed by her husband.
October 16, 690 – Wu Zetian becomes the only female to rule China as official Emperor when she forces her son, Emperor Ruizong, to yield power to her. Although, she had wielded considerable power before as Empress consort and Empress Dowager, in 690, she establishes the Zhou Dynasty with herself as ruler.
October 16, 1916 – Margaret Sanger opens the first family planning clinic in the United States.
October 23, 1915 – In New York City, 25,000-33,000 women march on Fifth Avenue for women’s suffrage
October 26, 1947 Hilary Clinton is born.
October 28, 2007 – Cristina Fernández de Kirchner becomes the first woman elected President of Argentina. She is the second woman to hold the position. She took office on December 10, 2007.
October 31, 1984 – Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi is assassinated by two security guards. Riots break out in New Delhi and thousands of Sikhs are killed.